Types of Bariatric Surgery
The Center for Bariatric Surgery & Metabolic Medicine at PMC offers a number of safe and effective bariatric surgery options, performed by skilled, board certified surgeons. Nearly all of the operations performed by our surgeons are performed laparoscopically, using minimally invasive techniques.
Types of Bariatric Surgery Performed at The Center for Bariatric Surgery & Metabolic Medicine
- Gastric Sleeve
Sleeve gastrectomy is a procedure in which approximately 75-80 percent of the stomach is removed, leaving a stomach that resembles a banana in size and shape. Patients feel full after a smaller portion of food.
- Gastric Bypass Surgery
A procedure where a small stomach pouch is created. The small intestine is rearranged so that the lower part of the small intestine is connected to the new stomach pouch. Patients feel full after a smaller portion of food and also absorb fewer calories.
- Adjustable Gastric Banding
A procedure in which the stomach is encircled with a silicone band that restricts food intake. The band is adjustable and reversible.
- Biliopancreatic Diversion
BPD creates a smaller stomach (similar to gastric bypass surgery), but in addition there is less absorption of ingested food inside the intestine.
Laparoscopic (Minimally Invasive) Bariatric Surgery
In the past decade, bariatric surgeons have begun performing several types of bariatric surgery using minimally invasive techniques. This approach uses five or six tiny incisions (rather than one large incision) to perform the operation. These operations require two well-trained surgeons.
During the procedure, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen. This provides the surgeons with a magnified view on a TV monitor. This offers better visualization throughout the procedure than traditional open surgery, allowing for more precise work.
Additionally, by eliminating the large abdominal incisions, bowel manipulation and extensive dissection, patients enjoy a faster recovery. Further advantages of the laparoscopic approach include less pain following the surgery, less scarring, and an earlier discharge from the hospital.
Nearly all types of bariatric surgery are performed laparoscopically.
Reversibility of Bariatric Procedures
The LAP-BAND and gastric bypass procedures are both potentially reversible. Reversal requires an operation of the same magnitude and risk as the original procedure. Reversal of other bariatric operations, such as the gastric sleeve, is rare.
Our surgeons are ready to help you decide which bariatric procedure is right for you.
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